südkorea wikipedia

Die Liste der Städte in Südkorea bietet einen Überblick über die Entwicklung. Eine Reihe von Massakern in Süd- und Nordkorea ereignete sich in den Jahren bis vor dem Hintergrund der Teilung Koreas in Nordkorea und. Die koreanische Sprache (Koreanisch) ist eine agglutinierende Sprache, die. Die Anzahl der arbeitslosen Frauen betrage etwa Ministry of the InteriorKaya artemis resort and casinoarchiviert vom Original am 3. Korean language and Korean Sign Language. Religion, History, and Culture. November ; abgerufen am Morikawa Jun, — und Hyeon Che-myeong jap. South Korea has sent up 10 satellites fromall using foreign rockets and overseas launch pads, notably Arirang-1 inand Arirang-2 in as part of its space partnership with Russia. The goal of IFEZ is to transform these three areas into servicekraft casino münchen for logistics, international business, leisure, and tourism for the Northeast Asian region. In a change from the Constitution, the Constitution stated that the president is not permitted to dissolve the National Mesut özil wechsel. Servicekraft casino münchen 13 April Index der menschlichen Entwicklung. South Korean presidential election, Sea Power and the Asia-Pacific: Hwaseong Fortress and the skyline of Suwon. Insgesamt wurden im JahreMrd.

Südkorea Wikipedia Video

Südkorea kämpft mit Konjunkturprogramm gegen Mers und Dürre Expressbusse stellen aufgrund der kleinen Fläche des Landes und des gut ausgebauten Autobahnnetzes eine Alternative für die Bahn dar. Ebenfalls direkt und für vier Jahre wird der Bürgermeister gewählt, der dem Seoul Metropolitan Government vorsteht. Sein Südarm entspringt ebenfalls am Berg Taebaek. Das 51 Tage lang dauernde Massaker konnte also nicht den US-Amerikanern angelastet werden, es war ein Rache-Feldzug von jungen, christlich orientierten Koreanern, die noch nicht zur Armee eingezogen worden waren, an den Linken und Kommunisten, die sich im Jahr enteignet und ihres angestammten Vermögens beraubt sahen. Die ungefilterten Reisweine, wie Makkoli und Dongdongju , werden oft in traditionellen Restaurants oder kleinen Verkaufsständen in den Bergen angeboten. Neben den üblichen Hotels, Jugendherbergen, Pensionen und Campingplätzen gibt es einige besondere Übernachtungsmöglichkeiten in Südkorea. Die Bedeutung der Landwirtschaft für die Wirtschaft Südkoreas ist in den vergangenen Jahrzehnten ständig zurückgegangen. Dies führte zu einem erhöhten Druck auf die Studenten. Man spricht auch von einem Tigerstaat. Obwohl es gesetzlich verboten ist, bringen die Nachhilfelehrer den Schülern Lerninhalte der höheren Klassen bei, damit diese einen Vorteil haben. Das Land liegt in Hinblick auf den Energieverbrauch pro Kopf weltweit auf dem Kairo , Ägypten Albanien Nach dem Tod von Kim Jong-il am

South Korean tourism is driven by many factors, including the popularity of South Korean pop music and television dramas , known as Korean Wave Hallyu , throughout East Asia, traditional culture, cuisine and natural environment.

The Hyundai Research Institute reported that the Korean Wave has a direct impact in encouraging direct foreign investment back into the country through demand for products, and the tourism industry.

According to an analysis by economist Han Sang-Wan, a 1 percent increase in the exports of Korean cultural content pushes consumer goods exports up 0.

The South Korean pension system was created to provide benefits to persons reaching old age, families and persons stricken with death of their primary breadwinner, and for the purposes of stabilizing its nations welfare state.

In there was a total of 18,, insured individuals with only around , persons excluded from mandatory contribution. Eligibility for the national pension scheme is not dependent on income but on age and residence, where those between the ages of 18 to 59 are covered.

Employees between the ages of 18 to 59 are covered under the workplace-based pension scheme and contribute 4.

Voluntarily insured persons are not subjected to mandatory coverage but can choose to be. This category comprises retirees who voluntarily choose to have additional benefits, individuals under the age of 27 without income, and individuals whose spouses are covered under a public welfare system, whether military, governmental, or private school teacher pensions.

Voluntarily and continuously insured persons consists of individuals 60 years of age who want to fulfill the minimum insured period of 20 years to qualify for old age pension benefits.

Scientific and technological development in the South Korea at first did not occur largely because of more pressing matters such as the division of Korea and the Korean War that occurred right after its independence.

South Korean corporations Samsung and LG were ranked first and third largest mobile phone companies in the world in the first quarter of , respectively.

South Korea has the fastest Internet download speeds in the world, with an average download speed of There is a growing trend of inventions of new types of media or apps, utilizing the 4G and 5G internet infrastructure in South Korea.

South Korea has today the infrastructures to meet a density of population and culture that has the capability to create strong local particularity.

Following cyberattacks in the first half of , whereby government, news-media, television station, and bank websites were compromised, the national government committed to the training of 5, new cybersecurity experts by The South Korean government blamed North Korea for these attacks, as well as incidents that occurred in , and , but Pyongyang denies the accusations.

In late September , a computer-security competition jointly sponsored by the defense ministry and the National Intelligence Service was announced.

South Korea has sent up 10 satellites from , all using foreign rockets and overseas launch pads, notably Arirang-1 in , and Arirang-2 in as part of its space partnership with Russia.

Plans of creating English-teaching robot assistants to compensate for the shortage of teachers were announced in February , with the robots being deployed to most preschools and kindergartens by Recently, research and development in genetics and cloning has received increasing attention, with the first successful cloning of a dog, Snuppy in , and the cloning of two females of an endangered species of wolves [ which?

The rapid growth of the industry has resulted in significant voids in regulation of ethics, as was highlighted by the scientific misconduct case involving Hwang Woo-Suk.

South Korea shares its traditional culture with North Korea , but the two Koreas have developed distinct contemporary forms of culture since the peninsula was divided in Historically, while the culture of Korea has been heavily influenced by that of neighboring China, it has nevertheless managed to develop a unique cultural identity that is distinct from its larger neighbor.

The South Korean Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism actively encourages the traditional arts, as well as modern forms, through funding and education programs.

The industrialization and urbanization of South Korea have brought many changes to the way modern Koreans live.

Changing economics and lifestyles have led to a concentration of population in major cities, especially the capital Seoul, with multi-generational households separating into nuclear family living arrangements.

A Euromonitor study found that South Koreans drink the most alcohol on a weekly basis compared to the rest of the world.

South Koreans drink Korean art has been highly influenced by Buddhism and Confucianism , which can be seen in the many traditional paintings, sculptures, ceramics and the performing arts.

Post-war modern Korean art started to flourish in the s and s, when South Korean artists took interest in geometrical shapes and intangible subjects.

Establishing a harmony between man and nature was also a favorite of this time. Because of social instability, social issues appeared as main subjects in the s.

Art was influenced by various international events and exhibits in Korea, and with it brought more diversity. Korean traditional architecture is characterized by its harmony with nature.

Ancient architects adopted the bracket system characterized by thatched roofs and heated floors called ondol. Traditional architecture can be seen in the palaces and temples, preserved old houses called hanok , [] and special sites like Hahoe Folk Village , Yangdong Village of Gyeongju and Korean Folk Village.

Western architecture was first introduced to Korea at the end of the 19th century. Churches, offices for foreign legislation, schools and university buildings were built in new styles.

The anti-Japanese sentiment, and the Korean War, led to the destruction of most buildings constructed during that time. Korean architecture entered a new phase of development during the post-Korean War reconstruction, incorporating modern architectural trends and styles.

Stimulated by the economic growth in the s and s, active redevelopment saw new horizons in architectural design.

In the aftermath of the Seoul Olympics, South Korea has witnessed a wide variation of styles in its architectural landscape due, in large part, to the opening up of the market to foreign architects.

Ingredients and dishes vary by province. There are many significant regional dishes that have proliferated in different variations across the country in the present day.

The Korean royal court cuisine once brought all of the unique regional specialties together for the royal family.

Meals consumed both by the royal family and ordinary Korean citizens have been regulated by a unique culture of etiquette.

Korean cuisine is largely based on rice , noodles , tofu , vegetables, fish and meats. Every meal is accompanied by numerous banchan.

Soups are also a common part of a Korean meal and are served as part of the main course rather than at the beginning or the end of the meal.

Popular Korean alcoholic beverages include Soju , Makgeolli and Bokbunja ju. Korea is unique among Asian countries in its use of metal chopsticks.

Metal chopsticks have been discovered in Goguryeo archaeological sites. The cultural phenomenon known as Hallyu or the "Korean Wave", has swept many countries across Asia making South Korea a major soft power as an exporter of popular culture and entertainment, rivaling Western nations such as the United States and the United Kingdom.

Until the s, trot and traditional Korean folk based ballads dominated South Korean popular music. The emergence of the South Korean pop group Seo Taiji and Boys in marked a turning point for South Korean popular music, also known as K-pop , as the genre modernized itself from incorporating elements of popular musical genres from across the world such as Western popular music , experimental , jazz , gospel , Latin , classical , hip hop , rhythm and blues , electronic dance , reggae , country , folk , and rock on top of its uniquely traditional Korean music roots.

K-pop stars and groups are well known across Asia and have found international fame making millions of dollars in export revenue.

Many K-pop acts have also been able secure a strong overseas following following using online social media platforms such as the video sharing website YouTube.

South Korean singer PSY became an international sensation when his song " Gangnam Style " topped global music charts in Since the success of the film Shiri in , the Korean film industry has begun to gain recognition internationally.

Domestic film has a dominant share of the market, partly because of the existence of screen quotas requiring cinemas to show Korean films at least 73 days a year.

South Korean television shows have become popular outside of Korea. South Korean television dramas, known as K-dramas have begun to find fame internationally.

The Lonely and Great God. There are many official public holidays in South Korea. Constitution Day is on July 17, and it celebrates the promulgation of Constitution of the Republic of Korea.

Every 15th day of the 8th lunar month, Koreans celebrate the Midautumn Festival , in which Koreans visit their ancestral hometowns and eat a variety of traditional Korean foods.

October 3 is National Foundation Day. Hangul Day, on October 9 commemorates the invention of hangul , the native alphabet of the Korean language.

The martial art taekwondo originated in Korea. In the s and s, modern rules were standardized, with taekwondo becoming an official Olympic sport in Football and baseball have traditionally been regarded as the most popular sports in Korea.

However, the polling did not indicate the extent to which respondents follow both sports. The Korea Republic national team as it is known has qualified for every World Cup since Mexico , and has broken out of the group stage twice: Baseball was first introduced to Korea in and has since become increasingly popular, with some sources claiming it has surpassed football as the most popular sport in the country.

The South Korea national team finished third in the World Baseball Classic and second in the tournament. Several Korean players have gone on to play in Major League Baseball.

Basketball is a popular sport in the country as well. Seoul hosted the and Asian Basketball Championship. The Korea national basketball team has won a record number of 23 medals at the event to date.

In , South Korea hosted the Summer Olympics in Seoul , coming fourth with 12 gold medals, 10 silver medals and 11 bronze medals.

South Korea regularly performs well in archery , shooting , table tennis , badminton , short track speed skating , handball , hockey , freestyle wrestling , Greco-Roman wrestling , baseball , judo , taekwondo , speed skating , figure Skating , and weightlifting.

South Korea has won more medals in the Winter Olympics than any other Asian country with a total of 45 medals 23 gold, 14 silver, and 8 bronze.

At the Winter Olympics , South Korea ranked fifth in the overall medal rankings. South Korea is especially strong in short track speed skating.

However, speed skating and figure skating are very popular, too, and ice hockey is an emerging sport with Anyang Halla winning their first ever Asia League Ice Hockey title in March Competitive video gaming , also called eSports sometimes written e-Sports , has become more popular South Korea in recent years, particularly among young people.

They can make a living out of their activity and top players can even make a significant amount of money with some high end Starcraft II players ending up making six figure salaries.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see Korea. Not to be confused with Southerners Korean political faction.

Republic in East Asia. Balhae violet and Silla blue , circa CE. History of South Korea. Geography of South Korea.

Climate of South Korea. Environment of South Korea. Government of South Korea. Administrative divisions of South Korea.

Korea Strait Busan Strait. Korea Strait Tsushima Strait. Sea of Japan East Sea. Demographics of South Korea. Education in South Korea.

Korean language and Korean dialects. Religion in South Korea. Health in South Korea. Foreign relations of South Korea.

North Korea—South Korea relations. History of Japan—Korea relations and Japan—Korea disputes. South Korea—European Union relations.

South Korea—United States relations. Republic of Korea Armed Forces. Please update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information.

Economy of South Korea. The Daegu Metro Line 3 monorail. Tourism in South Korea. History of science and technology in Korea. List of Korean inventions and discoveries.

Korea Aerospace Research Institute. Culture of South Korea. Architecture of South Korea. Public holidays in South Korea.

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Yang Ti, the next Sui emperor, proceeded in to mount an invasion of unprecedented magnitude, marshalling a huge force said to number over a million men.

It is said that only 2, of the , Sui soldiers who had crossed the Yalu survived to find their way back, and the Sui emperor now lifted the siege of Liao-tung Fortress and withdrew his forces to China proper.

A Panorama of Years: Korean History Second revised ed. China, which had been split into many states since the early 3rd century, was reunified by the Sui dynasty at the end of the 6th century.

Only 2, Sui troops were able to flee from Korea. Retrieved September 12, The Religious Traditions of Asia: Religion, History, and Culture.

Ewha Womans University Press. The New History of Korean Civilization. Outline of a Civilisation. Korean History in Maps.

Retrieved February 24, The Harvard Dictionary of Music. Moon Living Abroad in South Korea. Retrieved September 30, Retrieved July 21, In , the general Yi Seong-gye overthrew the Goryeo dynasty after he staged a coup and defeated General Choe Yeong.

Yi Seong-gye named his new dynasty Joseon and moved the capital from Kaesong to Hanseong formerly Hanyang; modern-day Seoul and built the Gyeongbokgung palace.

The prevailing philosophy of the Joseon dynasty was Neo-Confucianism , which was epitomized by the seonbi class, scholars who passed up positions of wealth and power to lead lives of study and integrity.

During the 15th and 16th centuries, Joseon enjoyed many benevolent rulers who promoted education and science. In and again in , the Japanese invaded Korea ; the Korean military at the time was unprepared and untrained, due to two centuries of peace on the Korean Peninsula.

However, Joseon experienced great destruction, including a tremendous loss of cultural sites such as temples and palaces to Japanese pillaging, and the Japanese brought back to Japan an estimated ,—, noses cut from Korean victims.

After normalizing relations with the new Qing dynasty , Joseon experienced a nearly year period of peace. Kings Yeongjo and Jeongjo led a new renaissance of the Joseon dynasty during the 18th century.

In the 19th century, the royal in-law families gained control of the government, leading to mass corruption and weakening of the state, with severe poverty and peasant rebellions spreading throughout the country.

Furthermore, the Joseon government adopted a strict isolationist policy, earning the nickname "the hermit kingdom ", but ultimately failed to protect itself against imperialism and was forced to open its borders, beginning an era leading into Japanese imperial rule.

As a result of the Sino-Japanese War —95 , the Qing dynasty had to give up such a position according to Article 1 of the Treaty of Shimonoseki , which was concluded between China and Japan in That same year, Empress Myeongseong of Korea was assassinated by Japanese agents.

In , the Joseon dynasty proclaimed the Korean Empire — King Gojong became an emperor. During this brief period, Korea had some success in modernizing the military, economy, real property laws, education system, and various industries.

Russia , Japan, France , and the United States all invested in the country and sought to influence it politically. In , an already militarily occupied Korea was a forced party to the Japan-Korea Annexation Treaty.

However, the Emperor is said to have not actually ratified the treaty according to Yi Tae-jin. Korean resistance to the brutal Japanese occupation [] [] [] was manifested in the nonviolent March 1st Movement of , during which 7, demonstrators were killed by Japanese police and military.

During the Japanese annexation, the Korean language was suppressed in an effort to eradicate Korean national identity.

However, experts estimate that over , artifacts actually remain in Japan. There was a significant level of emigration to the overseas territories of the Empire of Japan during the Japanese occupation period, including Korea.

In , with the surrender of Japan , the United Nations developed plans for a trusteeship administration, the Soviet Union administering the peninsula north of the 38th parallel and the United States administering the south.

The politics of the Cold War resulted in the establishment of two separate governments, North Korea and South Korea. The aftermath of World War II left Korea partitioned along the 38th parallel, with the north under Soviet occupation and the south under US occupation supported by other allied states.

Consequently, North Korea, a Soviet-style socialist republic was established in the north and South Korea; a Western-style regime, was established in the South.

South Korea is a multi-party state with a capitalist market economy , alongside membership in the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development and the Group of Twenty.

The two states have greatly diverged both culturally and economically since their partition, though they still share a common traditional culture and pre-Cold War history.

Since the s, the South Korean economy has grown enormously and the economic structure was radically transformed. Rummel , forced labor , executions, and concentration camps were responsible for over one million deaths in North Korea from to ; [] others have estimated , deaths in concentration camps alone.

As guerrilla activities expanded everywhere in South Korea, the South Korean government used strong measures against peasants, such as forcefully moving their families from guerrilla areas.

The losses incurred from that terror were: The Korean Peninsula remained divided, the Korean Demilitarized Zone being the de facto border between the two states.

During the Korean War —53 more than 1. In , the leaders of North Korea and South Korea officially signed the Panmunjom Declaration , announcing that they will work to end the conflict.

The combined population of the Koreas is about 76 million North Korea: Korea is chiefly populated by a highly homogeneous ethnic group, the Koreans , who speak the Korean language.

Worldwide, there are up to 80 million speakers of the Korean language. South Korea has around 50 million speakers while North Korea around 25 million.

The classification of Korean is debated. Some linguists place it in the Altaic language family; others consider it to be a language isolate. Korean is agglutinative in its morphology and SOV in its syntax.

Like Japanese and Vietnamese , Korean has borrowed much vocabulary from the Chinese or created vocabulary on Chinese models.

Modern Korean is written almost exclusively in the script of the Korean alphabet known as Hangul in South Korea and Chosungul in China and North Korea , which was invented in the 15th century.

Korean is sometimes written with the addition of some Chinese characters called Hanja; however, this is only occasionally seen nowadays.

While Hangul may appear logographic , it is actually a phonemic alphabet organised into syllabic blocks. Each block consists of at least two of the 24 hangul letters jamo: Historically, the alphabet had several additional letters see obsolete jamo.

For a phonological description of the letters, see Korean phonology. However, western reckoning is sometimes applied with regard to the concept of legal age ; for example, the legal age for purchasing alcohol or cigarettes in the Republic of Korea is 19, which is measured according to western reckoning.

Korean literature written before the end of the Joseon Dynasty is called "Classical" or "Traditional. Classical Korean literature has its roots in traditional folk beliefs and folk tales of the peninsula, strongly influenced by Confucianism , Buddhism and Taoism.

Modern literature is often linked with the development of hangul , which helped spread literacy from the aristocracy to the common people.

Hangul, however, only reached a dominant position in Korean literature in the second half of the 19th century, resulting in a major growth in Korean literature.

Sinsoseol , for instance, are novels written in hangul. The Korean War led to the development of literature centered on the wounds and chaos of war.

Much of the post-war literature in South Korea deals with the daily lives of ordinary people, and their struggles with national pain. The collapse of the traditional Korean value system is another common theme of the time.

Traditional Korean music includes combinations of the folk, vocal, religious and ritual music styles of the Korean people.

Korean music has been practiced since prehistoric times. The first, Hyangak , literally means The local music or Music native to Korea , a famous example of which is Sujechon, a piece of instrumental music often claimed to be at least 1, years old.

Confucian tradition has dominated Korean thought, along with contributions by Buddhism , Taoism , and Korean Shamanism. Since the middle of the 20th century, however, Christianity has competed with Buddhism in South Korea, while religious practice has been suppressed in North Korea.

Throughout Korean history and culture, regardless of separation; the influence of traditional beliefs of Korean Shamanism, Mahayana Buddhism, Confucianism and Taoism have remained an underlying religion of the Korean people as well as a vital aspect of their culture; all these traditions have coexisted peacefully for hundreds of years up to today despite strong Westernisation from Christian missionary conversions in the South [] [] [] or the pressure from the Juche government in the North.

Christians account for Islam in South Korea is practiced by about 45, natives about 0. Koreans traditionally believe that the taste and quality of food depend on its spices and sauces, the essential ingredients to making a delicious meal.

Therefore, soybean paste , soy sauce , gochujang or red pepper paste and kimchi are some of the most important staples in a Korean household.

Korean cuisine was greatly influenced by the geography and climate of the Korean Peninsula, which is known for its cold autumns and winters, therefore there are many fermented dishes and hot soups and stews.

Korean cuisine is probably best known for kimchi , a side dish which uses a distinctive fermentation process of preserving vegetables, most commonly cabbage.

Kimchi is said to relieve the pores on the skin, thereby reducing wrinkles and providing nutrients to the skin naturally.

It is also healthy, as it provides necessary vitamins and nutrients. Gochujang, a traditional Korean sauce made of red pepper is also commonly used, often as pepper chilli paste, earning the cuisine a reputation for spiciness.

Bulgogi roasted marinated meat, usually beef , galbi marinated grilled short ribs , and samgyeopsal pork belly are popular meat entrees.

Fish is also a popular commodity, as it is the traditional meat that Koreans eat. Meals are usually accompanied by a soup or stew, such as galbitang stewed ribs or doenjang jjigae fermented bean paste soup.

The center of the table is filled with a shared collection of sidedishes called banchan. Other popular dishes include bibimbap which literally means "mixed rice" rice mixed with meat, vegetables, and red pepper paste and naengmyeon cold noodles.

Instant noodles or ramyeon are a popular snack food and Koreans also enjoy food from pojangmachas street vendors , where customers can buy tteokbokki rice cake and fish cake with a spicy gochujang sauce , gimbap made of steamed white rice wrapped in dried laver seaweed as well as fried squid and glazed sweet potato.

Soondae , a sausage made of cellophane noodles and pork blood, is widely eaten. Additionally, some other common snacks include " Choco Pie ", shrimp crackers, "bbeongtwigi" puffed rice grains , and "nurungji" slightly burnt rice.

Nurungji can be eaten as it is or boiled with water to make a soup. Nurungji can also be eaten as a snack or a dessert. Korea is unique among Asian countries in its use of metal chopsticks.

Metal chopsticks have been discovered in archaeological sites belonging to the ancient Korean kingdoms of Goguryeo, Baekje and Silla.

The modern South Korean school system consists of six years in elementary school, three years in middle school, and three years in high school.

Students are required to go to elementary and middle school, and do not have to pay for their education, except for a small fee called a "School Operation Support Fee" that differs from school to school.

South Korea ranks second on math and literature and first in problem solving [ citation needed ]. Although South Korean students often rank high on international comparative assessments, the education system is criticised for emphasising too much upon passive learning and memorization.

The South Korean education system is rather notably strict and structured as compared to its counterparts in most Western societies.

After students enter university, however, the situation is markedly reversed. The North Korean education system consists primarily of universal and state funded schooling by the government.

The national literacy rate for citizens 15 years of age and above is over 99 percent. Other notable universities include Kim Chaek University of Technology , which focuses on computer science, Pyongyang University of Foreign Studies , which trains working level diplomats and trade officials, and Kim Hyong Jik University , which trains teachers.

Outside the formal structure of schools and classrooms in the north is the extremely important "social education". This education includes not only extracurricular activities but also family life and the broadest range of human relationships within society.

There is great sensitivity to the influence of the social environment on the growing child and its role in the development of his or her character.

The ideal of social education is to provide a carefully controlled environment in which children are exposed only to pro- Juche and anti-south influences.

After school, our children have many spare hours. The earliest known surviving Korean example of woodblock printing is the Mugujeonggwang Great Dharani Sutra.

During the Goryeo Dynasty , metal movable type printing was invented by Choe Yun-ui in The Korean alphabet hangul was also invented during this time by King Sejong the Great.

North Korea and South Korea usually compete as two separate nations in international events. There are, however, a few examples of them having competed as one entity , under the name Korea.

While association football remains one of the most popular sports in South Korea, the martial art of taekwondo is considered to be the national sport.

Baseball and golf are also popular. It combines combat techniques, self-defense, sport, exercise and in some cases meditation and philosophy.

Taekwondo has become an official Olympic sport, starting as a demonstration event in when South Korea hosted the Games in Seoul and becoming an official medal event in There are two main authoritative Taekwondo organizations in the world.

Hapkido is a modern Korean martial art with a grappling focus that employs joint locks, throws, kicks, punches and other striking attacks like attacks against pressure points.

Hapkido emphasizes circular motion, non-resisting movements and control of the opponent. Practitioners seek to gain advantage through footwork and body positioning to employ leverage, avoiding the pure use of strength against strength.

Ssireum is the traditional national sport of Korea. During a match, opponents grip each other by sash belts wrapped around the waist and the thigh, attempting to throw their competitor to the sandy ground of the ring.

The first opponent to touch the ground with any body part above the knee or to lose hold of their opponent loses the round. Ssireum competitions are traditionally held twice a year, during the Dano Festival the 5th day of the fifth lunar month and Chuseok the 15th day of the 8th lunar month.

Competitions are also held throughout the year as a part of festivals and other events. On March 1, , Korean presented their resistance towards Japan and Japanese occupation with a declaration of independence.

The newly established Korean government set aside March 1 as a national holiday to commemorate the sacrifices borne in the long struggle for Korean independence.

Hyunchoongil is the national holiday in Korea commemorating those who fought and died for the nation. In August , only a few years after Korea achieved its independence from Japan, the Korean War, in Korea also known as the 6.

During this war, approximately , soldiers and some one million citizens were killed or injured. In , North and South Korea agreed to a cease-fire, and three years later the Korean government established Hyungchoogil to commemorate the soldiers who fought in the Korean War.

Subsequent to its establishment, Hyungchoogil was reinterpreted as a day of remembrance for those who died defending Korea in all conflicts, not only during the Korean War.

Gwangbokjeol is the day for celebrating liberation of the country from Japan in as well as celebrating the establishment of Korean government in Gwangbok means "returned light" representing gaining national sovereignty from Japan.

It was first declared to be national holiday in October 1. On this date every year, the president of Korea visits Independence Hall, and invites diplomatic envoys from many countries and all social standings in countries to Cheongwadae the Blue House, the Korean presidential residence.

Before the creation of Hangul, people in Korea known as Joseon at the time primarily wrote using Classical Chinese alongside native phonetic writing systems that predate Hangul by hundreds of years, including idu , hyangchal , gugyeol , and gakpil.

To assuage this problem, King Sejong created the unique alphabet known as Hangul to promote literacy among the common people. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Region in East Asia. This article is about the region containing the countries North Korea and South Korea. For the peninsula the region is located on, see Korean Peninsula.

For other uses, see Korea disambiguation. They cover to Gyeongsangbuk-do out of the city. Each television broadcasting company has its own radio station as well.

Daegu is largely a homogeneous community that includes few non-Koreans. In addition, there is a small group of English -speaking Westerners working in English schools and university programs.

The American military bases are also home to several hundred Americans. Recently Chinese students have begun studying Korean at universities in Daegu, and there is an increasing number of graduate and post-graduate students from other Asian countries.

As elsewhere in Korea, Korean food overwhelmingly dominates; Chinese, Japanese and Western food forms the bulk of non-Korean food but recently Indian and Russian foods have become available.

Camp Walker houses Daegu High School for high school children, while Camp George hold the school for elementary and middle school both of which are primarily for children of military personnel and US Military civilian employees.

Camp George also houses most of the married [Enlisted] ranked soldiers. Camp Henry and Camp Walker serve as the primary place of work for all the military personnel.

Camp Walker serves as the home to enlisted Sergeants Major and Officer ranked soldiers, Major and up. Although non-military families can enroll their children at the school, most either home-school their children or send them to a small Christian private school which teaches about 25 children near the central business district of Daegu.

According to the census of , of the people of Daegu As of [update] , Daegu has elementary schools, middle schools including the Dong-Pyeong Middle School, and 91 high schools.

Most of well-known high schools are located in Suseong-gu because its educational grade and zeal are high standard in the country.

Daegu and its satellite towns are one of the areas which have the largest private higher educational institutions in Korea. Many of their main campuses are located in the nearby Gyeongsan city which serves the Daegu region as a college town.

It holds first place in and around the city in almost all of the fields. Daegu National University of Education offers elementary education training.

Some large university hospitals make the city the medical hub of south-eastern Korea. The Kyungpook National University Hospital, founded as Daegu-dongin-uiwon in by the Japanese, is the best-known hospital in the city.

The Dongsan Hospital attached to Keimyung University , founded as Jejungwon in , is one of the oldest western style medical clinics in Korea.

The Yeungnam University Medical Center has the largest number of beds in the city. The yearly treatment amount of these tertiary hospitals is the second largest in South Korea after that of Seoul.

Daegu is the hub of the Korean inland railroad traffic. The main railroad of the country, Gyeongbu Line passes through the city.

The largest railroad station in the city, Dongdaegu Station has the second largest passenger traffic in Korea after Seoul Station , and the largest train traffic.

All kinds of trains except KTX depart from Daegu Station , an all-new building with cinemas, restaurants and a department store, located near the city centre.

It has the tenth largest passenger traffic in Korea. The city also has a metro system, consisting of two heavy rail lines.

Line 1 crosses the city from northeast to southwest, while Line 2 crosses from west to east. Line 3 from northwest to southeast is an elevated monorail.

Another line will operate in a few years as a heavy rail system using the Gumi—Daegu—Gyeongsan section of Gyeongbu Line. Line 4 is a long-range plan and will be a circle line.

Fare is won and won with a prepaid card. There is a free interchange scheme between the metro and bus within an hour of first use for the prepaid card users.

There are two types of buses which are local and limited express. Limited express buses have more seats, but often passengers are required to stand.

As of [update] , Local bus fare costs around 1, won , Limited express bus fare would set you back around 1, won. Discounted fare is available with a prepaid card.

Bus route numbers are made up with 3 digits, each number indicates the area that bus serves. For example, number bus runs from zone four, to zone zero, and then to zone seven.

Other routes, usually circular, are named for the districts they serve and numbered 1 through 3. Traffic is sometimes heavy, however, the major thoroughfares handle fairly high volumes of traffic without too much trouble.

Daegu is twinned with the following locations: From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For the war event within the city during Korean War , see Battle of Taegu.

This article is about the city. For other uses, see Daegu disambiguation. Metropolitan City in Yeongnam, South Korea. View of Daegu, Middle left: Kim Gwangseok-gil Street, Middle center: The ARC, Bottom left: Cheongna Hill, Bottom right: Map of South Korea with Daegu highlighted.

May 8, [1]. List of districts and county of Daegu. List of parks in Daegu. Education in South Korea. It was used prior to the official adoption of the Revised Romanization by the South Korean Government in In the 19th century, Daegu was also known in English sources as Tai-Kou.

Still, the city is considered as one of the three major cities of South Korea, because Incheon belongs to the Seoul National Capital Area.

Archived from the original on Archived from the original on 4 June Retrieved 18 November Yeungnam University Museum, Gyeongsan, b.

Research Report of Antiquities, Vol. Antiquities Research Report Retrieved 23 December Archived from the original PDF on 7 December National Health Insurance Corporation.

Retrieved on March 30,

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